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International Agreements Global Warming

Posted By on December 10, 2020 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

Thanks to the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement, countries have agreed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere continues to rise and is heating the planet at an alarming rate. Scientists warn that this warming, if it continues unabated, could lead to environmental disasters in much of the world, including shocking sea level rise, record droughts and floods, and widespread species losses. Experts, activists and citizens are increasingly concerned about the lack of ambition or urgency of the commitments made by countries under these global agreements. In successive conferences of the parties, known as COP, new elements were introduced into the international structure of climate change negotiations. These elements address specific challenges such as financing the fight against climate change, adapting to climate change and transferring technology. Warmer temperatures, both on land and at sea, are changing global weather and changing how and where precipitation falls. These changing patterns exacerbate dangerous and deadly droughts, heat waves, floods, forest fires and storms, including hurricanes. They also melt ice caps, glaciers and permafrost layers, which can lead to sea level rise and coastal erosion. Warmer temperatures also affect entire ecosystems, deterring migration patterns and life cycles. For example, an early spring can make trees and plants bloom before bees and other pollinators are born. While global warming may be akin to longer growing periods and increased food production in some areas, areas already facing water shortages are expected to become drier and create potential for drought, broken harvests or forest fires. In its fundamental objective, the MDS will be broadly similar to the Clean Development Mechanism, which will contribute to the reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions and support sustainable development through dual emission 1.

[43] Although the structure and processes that govern MDS are not yet defined, some similarities and differences with the own development mechanism are already noticeable. In particular, unlike the clean development mechanism, the MDS will be available to all parties, unlike only parts of Schedule 1, which will make it much broader. [44] The EU and its Member States are among the nearly 190 parties to the Paris Agreement. The EU formally ratified the agreement on 5 October 2016, allowing it to enter into force on 4 November 2016. In order for the agreement to enter into force, at least 55 countries representing at least 55% of global emissions had to file their ratification instruments. At the end of COP 21 (the 21st meeting of the conference of the parties at the conference chairing the conference), on 12 December 2015, the final text of the Paris Agreement was adopted by all 195 participating UNFCCC member states and by the European Union[4] to reduce emissions under the method of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In the 12-language agreement,[54] members promised to reduce their carbon emissions “as soon as possible” and do their best to keep global warming “well below 2 degrees Celsius.” [63] This 32-sided document provides a framework for comprehensive climate action, including climate change mitigation and adaptation, support for developing countries, transparency of reporting and strengthening climate change goals.