On 18 May 1964, the Prime Ministers of Northern Rhodesia, De Latunga and Kenneth Kaunda, signed the Barotseland Agreement 1964  which established Barotsand`s position within Zambia instead of the previous agreement between Barotseland and the British government. The agreement was based on a long history of close social, economic and political interactions, but gave Barotseland greater autonomy. The Barotse Agreement granted the Barotse authorities local rights and rights of self-management that can be consulted on specific issues, including agricultural, natural resources and local authorities. He also established the Barotseland litunga as “the most important local authority for the government and administration of Barotseland,” which he controlled the Barotse Native Government, the Barotse Native Authorities, the courts known as “Barotse Native Courts,” “Local Government Affairs,” “Land,” “Forest,” “Fishing,” “Hunting Control,” “Wild Conservation,” “Barotse Native Treasury,” “Barotse Native Treasury” , “Local Government Cases,” “Country,” “Fishing,” “Hunting Control,” “Game Conservation,” “Barotse Native Treasury” In Barotsland Courts, there should be no appeal to The Courts in Zambia.  And because of his dishonest and insidious conduct with respect to the Barotseland Accords of 1964, the problems related to the agreement persist to this day: many barots have been killed, maimed, tortured, arbitrary and imprisoned without trial, while Afumba Mombotwa, Inambao Kalima and Pelekelo Likando have continued to serve 15 years in draconian prison. Barotsland`s status at the beginning of the colonial period was different from other regions that became Zambia. It was the first area north of the Zambezi to sign an agreement on the mineral concession and protectorate with Cecil Rhodes` British South Africa Company (BSAC). Lewanika`s fears of an invasion by the Matebele under lobengula were originally. As Zambia and the international community celebrate the 96th anniversary of Kenneth Kaun`s birthday, most Of the Barotsé will be foreheading the eyebrows of the man they accuse of the forced assimilation of Barotseland in Zambia.
The Barotsé people consider Kaunda to be responsible for the breakdown of the Barotseland Agreement, signed in 1965, after Zambia gained political independence from Britain into common sovereignty with the Barotseland Kingdom. The Barotseland Agreement implied that, after independence, the region would retain autonomy within Zambia. As a result of Kenneth Kaunda`s decision to violate the agreement in 1969, the barots feel deprived of fundamental human rights such as freedom of assembly, freedom of conscience, freedom of association and Zambia`s self-determination. Although he followed the path of President Kenneth Kaunda by not complying with the Barotseland Agreement of 1964, Mr. Sata`s words remain true today, as he added that only “crooks” and “dictators” would have difficulty complying with the Barotseland Agreement of 1964, an agreement he described as valid and unreasonable, while the relative peace in part that Zambia continued to enjoy. Photo: Kenneth Kaunda visits King Sir Mouwanhavine III of Barotseland three months after the signing of the Barotseland Agreement in 1964 to assure the king that his (Zambian) government would abide by the signed agreement.